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Total Solar Eclipse on 22nd July Surya Utsav

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Intellectual Property Rights

THE Indian Patents, (Second Amendment) Bill has finally been passed by both houses of parliament. The passage of the Bill brings down the curtain on a long and contentious debate in the country regarding Indiaís Patent system.† It is a debate that stretches back more than a decade and a half.

HISTORY OF NEGOTIATIONS
†In 1986 a new round of negotiations was initiated under GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade). Popularly known as the Uruguay Round of negotiations, this new round was sought to be used by the developed countries to orient world trade in a manner that was beneficial to their interests. More importantly, the ...

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Victory On Basmati? By Amit Sen Gupta

THE Basmati patents debate has once again hit the headlines with the recent report that a US company, Ricetec, has been granted a Patent in the US by the US Patent and Trademark office. The US Patent Officeís decision comes after a three year long legal battle. Two years back, the Indian government had vowed to fight the case till the end and ensure that Indian interests are not hampered. In fact the Indian government realised that a patent application had been filed on Basmati a year after the filing in September 1997. It received information regarding the patent only after India objected to the United Kingdom registering Ricetecís "Texmati" trademark in late 1998. In rep ...

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The Bt Cotton Controversy A Leap Into the Dark? By Amit Sen Gupta

SOMETIME in late 1998, Monsanto -- the US based multinational corporation -- was tipped off by a call to its (now defunct) freephone "sneak" line that Percy Schmeiser, a 68-year-old Canadian farmer was growing Roundup Ready -- a genetically modified (GM) variety of rapeseed oil, the patent for which was held by Monsanto. Monsanto asked Robinson Investigations, retained by them throughout Canada to gather information on errant farmers, to take samples from Schmeiserís farm. Schmeiserís crop was found to possess traces of Monsantoís patented variety.

PENALISED FOR ACCIDENTAL CONTAMINATION

Schmeiser argued that he ...

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